For this reason, formation of Au plating using a non-cyanized substance gradually spreads. Then ZnO builds whisker crystals from the bottom of Au plating thin film and breaks Au plating from backside. We has reported that this is the cause of metallic luster disappearance. In this study, we will report that the formation timing of ZnO can be controlled by the amount of input current density at forming Au plating.
When the input current density is 2. Therefore, it turned out that more than 72 hours is necessary for the disappearance of the metallic luster. However, when the input current density was 2. As a result, it was found that the growth of ZnO whisker crystals were controlled by the input current density of Au plating, and the metallic luster disappearance time of Au plating could be controlled.
Resume : Today highly-porous bioceramics is one of the most promising materials for replacement of defective cancellous bone tissue in surgery. Highly porous glass-ceramics based on biogenic hydroxyapatite with addition of 40 wt. The total porosity of the samples was calculated using the skeleton density values measured by helium pycnometer AccuPyc II Micromeritics. Open porosity measurement of the samples was performed in ethanol using the Archimedes principle.
It was established the significant influence of type of glass on the phase composition of highly-porous glass ceramics. Using of SiO2-B2O3-Na2O glass reduces the porosity of bioceramics due to the viscosity properties of the glass and features of liquid-phase sintering of ceramics in the presence of this glass system. Moreover, the structure of the samples is characterized by vitrification of surface and pore walls which are associated with the lower viscosity of SiO2-B2O3-Na2O glass in comparison with SiO2-CaO-Na2O glass without and with flourine addition.
The publication contains the results of studies conducted by Grant for monthly visits of Ukrainian scientists to Poland according to the Protocol to the Agreement on Scientific Cooperation between the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and Polish Academy of Sciences. Silicon carbide 90— and microns was used as an abrasive material. Stainless steel was used as a control sample. Composites microstructures after hydro-abrasive tests were studied using SEM analysis.
Topography of composite materials surfaces were investigated after 20, 40, 80 and hours of the tests using Optical profilometer Micron-alpha. It was shown that the surfaces structure of the developed NiTiwt. These materials also have minimum intensity of wear compared with steel and initial intermetallics. Resume : An investigation of phase formation upon interaction between boron carbide and aluminium in vacuum has been done up to temperature of C.
Thermodynamic calculations show that the interaction between B4C and aluminium melt is low. At the same time, using gaseous aluminum drastically changes the situation: the system becomes reactive, interaction goes with significant heat release and decrease of internal energy. Investigations were done by variation of aluminium content: from the maximum representing full B4C decomposition and AlB12 and Al4C3 formation, to the minimum — when some boron carbide is found in the reaction products. Phase availability, content, and lattice parameters were determined using XRD. It was determined, that binary compounds do not form in practice during the interaction, possibly because of entropic factors.
Ceramic samples were compacted by hot pressing at temperatures below C. Samples were polished, and microstructure and Vickers hardness of the materials were studied. Resume : It is well known that copper is an essential trace element that is vital to the health of all living organisms. Due to the antibacterial activity Cu widely used for preparation of materials for filling osseous defects. Starting powders of BHA and glass-forming components of sodiumborosilicate glass were mixed with addition of Cu powder 0, 0.
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Open porosity measurement of the samples was performed in ethanol using the Archimedes principle and compression strength using CeramTest Systhem. Moreover, copper leads to changes of phase composition and structure of material and reduces the solubility in saline. Resume : At present, there is a great interest in hybrid metal-oxide composites activated with organic dyes to produce multifunctional materials with improved properties for different environmental and energy applications.
A, Prokopow P. Resume : Currently, the cost of recycling waste coffee powder is increasing as the domestic coffee market grows. Therefore, a most efficient way needed to recycle waste coffee powder. In this context, our studies focused on production of ceramic foams using waste coffee. The ceramic foam has many pores and advantageous to thermal transfer by structural features. By utilizing the advantage of thermal transfer, a heat-sink was developed using the synthesized ceramic foam from waste coffee.
A universal testing machine was used to measure the compressive strength. The compressive strength of ceramic foam using waste coffee was about 3. The temperature of LED light emitting diodes PCB printed circuit board after protecting with the synthesized ceramic foam was about As a result, The synthesized ceramic foam facilitates the manufacturing process with higher durability of LED PCB, which results in the cost-effective material. Therefore, waste coffee based ceramic foams are readily available to replace the existing aluminum heat-sink.
Resume : As study objects, zirconium, titanium, vanadium, chromium, molybdenum, and tungsten borides and carbides nanopowders were used, as well as silicon carbide, obtained by plasmochemical and high-temperature electrochemical synthesis. In both groups of compounds, the corrosion resistance of the materials is comparable and is primarily due to the acidity of the electrolyte. Nanopowders of metal-like carbides have a higher corrosion resistance. This indicates the layered nature of the process. Resume : For chromium disilicide metallothermic synthesis realization, 0.
After addition of 0. Reactor was heated up to K during h. After cooling reactor to room temperature, synthesis products were washed and dried for impurities removal. Generally, metallothermic reduction reaction process should be represented as follows. At temperature higher than K, sodium fluorosilicate decomposes into sodium fluoride NaF and gaseous silicon fluoride SiF4. We estimated the possibility of molybdenum and tungsten dicilicides obtaining by metallothermic reduction of metal chlorides and sodium fluorosilicate by potassium.
As molybdenum and tungsten sources, MoCl3 and WCl6 were used respectively. Nascent powders thermal stability was determined in airflow at temperature up to K. According to thermogravimetric analysis TGA data, obtained disilicides mass does not change practically up to K. Resume : We studied the simultaneous electroreduction of carbonate and tungstate ions in oxide Na2WO4 melts. It was difficult to detect the lithium tungstate reduction wave on the Na2WO4 background. Addition of lithium carbonate to the Na2WO4-Li2WO4 melt initially causes an increase in the height of the lithium tungstate reduction wave.
The product composition depends strongly on the synthesis temperature. Raising the temperature above K is inexpedient because of the thermal instability of the carbonate ion and the increasing volatility of the melt components. Resume : A necessary condition for electrodeposition is that the cathode or the surface layer of the pseudocathode must possess electronic conductivity.
This condition for the SiC B4C electrodes was checked by us using voltammetry method. During the electroreduction of CO2 at an elevated pressure, we observed an appreciable increase in the reduction current through these electrodes. The MO ions reduction rate at the empty container electrode is similar to that at a platinum pin electrode.
After the platinum container was filled with SiC B4C , its stationary potential shifted from the platinum net potential to A marked rise in the reduction current was also observed showing an increase in the working electrode surface area. Resume : We present a facile process to fabricate polymer micro- and nano-structures using ion-beam treatment, resulting in the dry adhesives of high adhesion strength.
The polytetrafluoroethylene substrate was surface treated under argon ion irradiation. The morphology and average surface roughness of the etched substrate was investigated by scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy, respectively. The micro- and nano-structures of spire with high aspect ratios were obtained. The bonding of the micro- and nano-structures on the polytetrafluoroethylene surface with silicone matrix was adjusted using releasing agent and the transferred structure was suitable to fabricate dry adhesives.
The micro- and nano-structures also was stable over repeated uses and played a role to increase the adhesion strength. In this work the temperature-sensitive thick films based on spinel-type semiconducting ceramics of different chemical composition Cu0. It is shown that two-state positron trapping model is appropriate for an adequate description of changes caused by additional glass phase in these materials.
The observed behaviour of defect-related component in the fit of the experimentally measured positron lifetime spectra for thick films in comparison with bulk ceramics testifies in a favour of agglomeration of free volume entities during technological process. Resume : Damage occurred in the water tightness test after installation of nuclear power plants HDPE high density polyethylene water pipe extruded with master batch compound natural resin pigmented concentrate.
Window is a master batch compound produced by uneven mixing between the additive and the HDPE resin during extrusion. The observed window defects seem to have a great effect on the safety of the pipe. As a result, it was confirmed that the window was concentrated in the middle portion of the pipe. The tensile test was performed to confirm the effect of the window on the mechanical properties of the pipe, and the fracture cross section of the specimen was observed using a SEM scanning electron microscope.
It was confirmed that the window in the piping had no effect on the yield strength of the HDPE pipe but had a large effect on the elongation. Window appears to affect the safety of HDPE piping, and further research is required for that. Resume : Generally, polyethylene pipes are welded with butt fusion welding.
The butt fusion welding is an effective process for joining plastic pipes.
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The butt fusion welding is divided into two main stages : the heat soak stage and the coupling phase. Intrusion of foreign substances during this process or failure to accurately proceed with the fusion process can have a significant impact on pipe integrity. Therefore, it is not too much to say that the quality of the pipes that are welded together depends on the process of pipe fusion. In fact, pipe welding is often carried out directly on site, and there is a high possibility that foreign materials dust, sand powder, etc.
Depending on the various situations in the field, foreign materials may enter during fusion, which is called Defects. Defects can have a significant impact on the pipe properties. We have so far assessed the integrity of the fusion joints and have not studied the effects of defects.
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Therefore, in this study, defects to be inserted into the polyethylene pipe joint are developed. And defects are introduced to evaluate the integrity of the piping to investigate the influence of the foreign material input during the welding process on the pipe life. Notable examples of the reinvention of the sol-gel technique include the synthesis of oxide foams, which form an important class of materials due to their wide applicability for catalysis, electrochromic devices and high performance thermal insulation.
This work reports a novel method for the preparation of thick silica foam films that combines an alkoxide-based hydrolytic sol-gel process and in situ catalytic decomposition of hydrogen peroxide on a catalyst-coated support. The H2O2-loaded sols were sprayed on MnO2-coated substrates, resulting in heterogeneous catalytic decomposition of H2O2 and effective foaming and simultaneous gel formation due to oxygen gas and water formation. The lowest measured thermal conductivity of the prepared foams was 0. Resume : Nickel matrix composite coatings are used especially in the automotive and aerospace industries due to their very good mechanical properties and corrosion resistance.
The paper presents the results of the studies of nickel-boron composite coatings deposited by the electrochemical reduction method. A bath with low concentration of nickel ions, boron as dispersed particles and organic compounds were used for deposition of the composite coatings nickel-boron. The contents of particles in coatings was determined gravimetrically. The roughness of the layers was measured by TR profilograph.
The Amsler testing machine with system: block — ring was used for tribological tests with lubrication Lux oil. The obtained results suggest that the content of incorporated boron particles increases with an increasing amount of boron in plating bath. The coatings nickel-boron produced during investigation were distinguished by much better tribological properties than nickel coating. Resume : Thermophysical and mechanical properties of Epoxy resin compositions with unoxidized graphene particles were investigated.
The particles were obtained by the electrochemical method and were blocks up to 50 nm. Thermophysical measurements of the composite destruction are performed by method of thermo-programmable desorption with mass spectrometric recording of volatile products. The main effect of the introduction of unoxidized graphene particles is a sharp increase in the thermal stability of the composite and a decrease in the amount of the released volatile products Qi, with a low filling, when??
Another effect of the introduction of unoxidized graphene is the fastening of atomic groups of the macromolecule on the carbon atoms of the particle side faces. The run of Qi for volatile fragments does not correlate with the dependence of their desorption energy on the concentration of graphene filler. Thus, with a sharp increase in the thermal stability of composites, the energy Ed of the destruction products, reduced.
Determination of the mechanical loading parameters? It was found that the parameters vary in a narrow range of graphene concentration, at C? The increase in the thermal stability of composites is attributed to the separation of the heat flux that propagates along the polymeric chains of the resin at the interphase boundary with graphene particles between two streams, namely phonon and electron, which carry the resulting heat in graphene particles.
Resume : Doped YAG polycrystalline ceramics are widely used for various applications including phosphors and solid-state lasers. In the present work, nano-powders were synthesized by a co-precipitation method. Ce:YAG samples with excellent optical properties were fabricated. Such material could be used, for example, as a yellow phosphor in white light emitting diodes.
Post sintering treatments were applied in order to further improve optical properties. Resume : Dense boron carbide ceramics may be fabricated by a reaction bonding RB approach, which involves the infiltration of porous ceramic preforms with molten silicon or Al-Si alloy. Recently, it was suggested to fabricate RB composites using boron carbide as a source of carbon.
This approach allows to improve functional properties of the composites by designing of their composition and by post processing heat treatments. The infiltration of boron carbide preforms with molten Al-Si alloy may be conducted at relatively low temperature. Resume : The possibility of creating metal-matrix composites strengthened by nanolaminate MAX phases by Ti-Al-C systems was investigated.
Methods of activation of the initial powder mixture, based on aluminum and titanium, by means of mechanoactivation MA or high-voltage electric discharge HVED powder processing in kerosene and its subsequent spark- plasma consolidation SPS were used. The effect of carbon allotropic forms presence on the formation of new phases during the SPS process is found out. Resume : United need at the present stage of technological development in the filter material on the one hand, and their successful use in designs for each particular application, on the other, cause the presence of various kinds of materials with a wide range of performance properties.
Advantages of filtering powder materials FPM with metal powders of nonmetallic lies in their relatively high filtering capacity, high performance, the possibility of multiple regeneration, light machining and long service life. The practice of using new materials on the basis of metal powders shows that the implementation in full volume of their strength and performance characteristics requires a significant increase in the level of prediction of physical and mechanical properties of materials and the development of new methods of modeling, which includes a comprehensive analysis of the processes of formation of materials.
For the practical creation of the required porous structure of the FPM, which will fit the optimal combination of performance characteristics, it is necessary to establish a relationship between the technological modes of their obtaining and operational characteristics. Since the filter has the form of an elongated circular cylinder, the simulation was carried out for the following parameters of the technological process: the diameter of the mandrel - 40 mm, the diameter of the reinforced elastic shell - 80 mm.
The powder poured into the space between the mandrel and the elastic shell. Based on the results of our calculations, the distribution of porosity and radial velocity in the modeling of radial isostatic pressing of a multilayered FPM had been analyzed. The developed method of computer modeling allowed not only to determine the distribution of porosity and other characteristics of powder permeable material, but also to establish the relationship between the technological modes of their obtaining and operational characteristics.
The radial velocity makes it possible to control the distribution of porosity in a multilayered FPM and allows you to analyze the factors that contribute to the heterogeneity of the density distribution. Resume : Powder metallurgy for every new developed technology process demonstrates advantages that allow creation of materials with advanced or new properties and at the same time ensure more economic ways of their production.
Porous permeable materials PPM which can be used as nozzles for sandblasting processing are the main object of presented investigation. Study of structural properties of PPM is a basis of creation of new advanced properties of already existing materials. Metallographic images of such objects can be presented by the combination of various structural components.
Combination of these structural components can give a very complicated picture for interpretation so using of special analysing program is very promising in that case. Therefore the basic requirement to the high quality analysis of images is correct presentation of superposition of structural components with their following classification in correspondence with brightness and size and shape.
Presented results are based on the system understanding of morphology and microstructure of investigated samples. This knowledge has a primary estimation of the quality of finished products - a nozzle for sandblasting processing. For complete and quality estimation of a nozzle basic morphological parameters of sample structure such as amount of particles of different size and shape, structural defects of the samples, shape of pores and particles, general distribution of pores in separate section and in the whole sample volume and general distribution of certain shapes of particles in a perimeter and volume had been defined and investigated.
During the investigation the whole sample of nozzle had been divided into five equal parts with the same height with the following morphological analysis of every part and production of final general characteristics. Conducted morphological analysis of a structure of nozzles for sandblasting processing showed a possibility of their application in practice.
Resume : In the present work, the enthalpies of mixing of liquid alloys of the ternary Mn-Al-Gd system have been calculated using the regular solution model by the Redlich-Kister-Muggianu formula. Also a comparison was made of calculated values of enthalpies of mixing in this system with the experimentally determined thermochemical properties of liquid alloys of the Mn-In-Gd ternary system obtained previously. This comparison was made taking into consideration the main features of the component interaction in the boundary binary systems, their phase diagrams and also such important characteristics as electronegativity of the components, their electron work functions and their big difference in atomic size.
For the two indicated ternary systems the size mismatch entropy has been calculated within the framework of hard spheres model and the parameter has been determined. On the basis of the comprehensive analysis carried out, the criteria for the probability of occurrence of regions of easy amorphization in these ternary systems are proposed.
The determination of the topology of the mixing enthalpy surface and the parameter for the melts of studied ternary systems together with the data on binary and ternary compounds existing in these systems allowed to reasonably assume the concentration regions where the investigated ternary alloys have tendency for easy amorphization while rapid cooling of the melt. The material is composed of a mechanically alloyed medium entropy alloy CoCrNi, as a matrix, and Mn powder, as reinforcement. The pre-alloyed powders were subject to mixture in a proportion of A full-density composite has been achieved with the selected sintering conditions, possessing an average hardness of HV0.
Resume : The work is devoted to the analysis of the structural state and structural sensitivity of the mechanical properties of ultra-hightemperature ceramics based on zirconium boride. The processes of phase interactions in the region of grain boundaries with the determination of the grain-boundary strength characteristics and the relationship between grain-boundary strength and the mechanical properties of composites have been studied.
At temperatures below the eutectic melting temperature, sintering activation takes place in the systems under investigation due to the formation of diffusion zones with enhanced diffusion characteristics and phase transformations in the field of boundaries. The experimentally observed significant attenuation of interatomic bonds and an increase in the atoms thermal vibration amplitudes is the physical cause of diffusion activity in the grain boundary volumes in eutectic systems, which stimulates an increase in the rates of a number of high-temperature processes powder sintering, creep, etc.
Correlation dependences between the ceramics basic mechanical characteristics, namely between grain boundary strength with fracture toughness, compressive strength, yielding strength, etc. Resume : The aim of this work was to produce a composite, combining high hardness, ability to efficiently dissipate thermal energy, and low specific weight, using aluminium dodecaboride AlB12 as a hard component and aluminum nitride AlN as a softer sintering-assisting component with high thermal conductivity. To vary the ratio of components in the ceramics AlB12 was separated from AlN by wet chemistry.
But special precautions must be held during the hot pressing, as thermodynamic calculations show the possibility of AlN partial decomposition, resulting in alumina formation in oxygen containing environments. It has been shown that CrB2 adding increases oxidation resistance in 1. The formed borosilicate glass can protect from the aggressive medium impact. Resume : The wear of new composite materials on the base of titanium nitride in friction without lubricant in pair with steel in air has been investigated by electron scanning microscopy, Auger spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction analysis.
It is established that, independently of the composition of the binder in the composites, the value of the lattice constant of TiN decreases in the process of friction. Such titanium nitride lattice constant change in the contact zone is caused by the substitution of nitrogen atoms by oxygen atoms and by the formation of titanium oxynitride. It is shown that the interaction which occurs in the Ti-N-O system on the atomic level with the formation of titanium oxynitride is responsible for a substantial increase in the wear resistance of the investigated materials.
Resume : Photoelectrochemical water splitting is a promising process for obtaining of hydrogen as renewable energy source. Titanium dioxide is one of the most common photoanode materials, but the photocatalytic activity of TiO2 is greatly limited by its wide band gap of 3. Recently, graphite-like carbon nitride, as a metal-free polymeric semiconductor with inherent chemical and thermal stability, and a moderate band gap of 2. It was found that the visible-light-induced photodegradation of methylene blue was remarkably increased upon coupling TiO2 with g-C3N4, possibly due to heterojunctions which enhanced electron-hole separation efficiency as a result of effective interfacial electron transfer between TiO2 and g-C3N4.
Resume : The work is devoted to the comparative study of the zirconia ceramic properties depends on its structure. Zirconia stabilized with 8-mol. Japan companies is the state-of-the-art material for SOFC electrolyte and electrodes due to its high ionic conductivity, mechanical and chemical stability in both oxidation and reduction medias.
It is known that Ukraine has own zirconia-sand deposit that is the third in the World and practically the only in the Northern hemisphere. In context of the Work mechanical behavior and electrical properties of 8YSZ ceramic made from? Comparative study of two powders showed that?
Resume : A compact 5-kg device was developed in which a small portion of a hard powder was converted into an aerosol, which was further analyzed by means of a laser technology based on single particle optical sizing SPOS method for the registration of the obscuration of individual particles. Two-beam illumination system of a particle stream provided high accuracy of measurements.
The particle size distribution function was automatically displayed on a monitor or an external computer. These data reveal that our device can be useful for detailed characterization of powders in scientific and industrial applications. Skip to main content. Iryna Bilan. Microstructure evolution and functional properties of transparent alumina fabricated by high-pressure spark plasma sintering HPSPS.
Authors : B. Ratzker-1, A. Wagner-1, M. Sokol-2, S. Kalabukhov-1, N. Frage-1 Affiliations : 1-Ben-Gurion Iniversity of Negev, Israel;2- Drexel University, Philadelphia, USA Resume : The SPS process enables rapid densification of ceramic powder at relatively lower temperatures, which limits grain growth considerably and allows fabrication of fully dense nanocrystalline ceramics. Extrusion-based scalable production of all-dielectric composite materials for electromagnetic devices. Corresponding author: inhar. Mikolaj Szafran. Sugar-based compounds as prospective additives in colloidal processing of ceramic-matrix composites.
Authors : Bronislaw Psiuk, Barbara Lipowska Affiliations : Refractory Materials Division, Institute of Ceramics and Building Materials, Toszecka 99, Gliwice, Poland Resume : The basic idea of gelcasting method involves making a ceramic powder suspension with an addition of a substance which is subject to gelation when influenced by an appropriate initiator. Challenges in designing of ceramic-metal composites obtained by colloidal processing.
Authors : Oleg V. Rofman, Anastasiya V. Mikhaylovskaya, Anton D. Kotov, Alexey S. Prosviryakov, Vladimir V. Cheverikin, Andrey I. Bazlov, Vladimir K. A novel fabrication process of Fe-Al intermetallic parts by reactive infiltration of aluminum into iron porous preform. Start at Subject View All Num.
Impact of Boehmite nanoparticles on the curing behaviour and thermal properties of cycloaliphatic-epoxy oligosiloxane resin. Segregated network of 3D structure of fillers for highly thermal conductivity of epoxy composites. Emerging low cost applications for Conductive polymer metal composites. Authors : A. Karami, F. Horestani, A. Rostami, S. Zarghami, M. Kolahdouz, F. Comparison of properties of CFRPs containing nonwoven fabrics with carbon nanotubes, fabricated by prepreg and liquid technology.
Physical and mechanical properties of polymer based composites reinforced by weft knitted carbon fabrics. Authors : Shevtsova M. Mazna O.
Electrical and physical properties of weft-knitted fabrics and polymer based composites reinforced by such fabrics. Authors : Stavychenko V. Kokhany V, A. Fabrication of complex stabilized zirconia parts by stereolithography. Authors : D. Komissarenko1, P. Sokolov1, I. Slyusar1, A.
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Authors : Oleksandr Povstyanoy Affiliations : Lutsk National Technical University, Ukraine Resume : Nowdays, highly competitive market puts forward great demands to increase efficiency and reduce costs in the manufacturing sector. Development of Heteroassembled Au nanoparticles with Sandwich-immunoassay Plasmonic chip for Sensitive detection of Biomolecules. Magnetic bead-based nanozyme linked colorimetric assay : A point-of-care test for rapid diagnosis of infectious disease. Authors : Sangjin Oh, Jeonghyo Kim, Jaebeom Lee Affiliations : Department of Cogno-Mechatronics Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan , Republic of Korea Resume : Development of a rapid and sensitive method for infectious disease diagnosis is highly important to prevent the further spread of disease and to enable effective clinical treatment.
High-temperature non-metallic nanofilms onto metals for screening of uncontrolled spreading of metal solders. Authors : Naidich Yu. Brazed metal-quartz products for use in geological equipment. Authors : Gab I. Novel marine lantern composed of single LED chip without lens. Development and characterization of porous foam using coal fired power plant waste. Synergistic effects of ceramic fillers on thermally conductive polyimide composite for wearable applications.
Formation of Cu microparticles and its application to printed electronics.
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Promotional Toolkit. Engineering Data Module Beta. This Reference is not available in your current subscription. Notify your administrator of your interest. Multifunctional Conducting Molecular Materials Details The use of conducting molecular materials is a rapidly developing, multidisciplinary field of research, offering a wide variety of possibilities for the future. It is of particular relevance to nano fabrication and technology because it offers high density, small size integrated and multifunctional properties that can be fabricated under mild conditions.
The book concludes with a look at integration and functionalities of molecular materials such as organic field effect transistors OFET. Show less. View More. Back to Table of Contents. Process Engineering - Addressing the Gap between Studies and Kleiber, Michael. Open Share Save. Click here to Expand all. Click here to Collapse all. View Section, Front Matter.
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