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Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Studies in European History by Timothy C. Few historical events have inspired so much controversy and debate as the French Revolution. The origins, nature and effects of the Revolution have been the themes of a voluminous literature, especially since the s, and there has been sharp disagreement among historians about them.
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- The French Revolution: aristocrats versus bourgeois?.
This book discusses the present state of the controversy and provides detailed suggestio Few historical events have inspired so much controversy and debate as the French Revolution. This book discusses the present state of the controversy and provides detailed suggestions for further reading. Blanning explains the different interpretations advanced by Marxist, revisionist and post-revisionist historians in order to provide students with access to the literature and to help them to form their own views. Get A Copy. Hardcover , pages.
The French Revolution: Aristocrats Versus Bourgeois? by Timothy C.W. Blanning
More Details Original Title. Studies in European History. Other Editions 4. Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about The French Revolution , please sign up. Be the first to ask a question about The French Revolution. Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia.
The French Revolution: Aristocrats Versus Bourgeois?
Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. Most were born within this group and died as part of it. It was extremely rare for individuals of this status to advance to another estate. Those who crossed the class lines did so as a result of either being recognized for their extraordinary bravery in a battle or entering religious life. Some commoners were able to marry into the Second Estate, although that was very rare.
The king was considered part of no estate.
The population of France in the decade prior to the French Revolution was about 26 million, of whom 21 million lived in agriculture. Few of these owned enough land to support a family and most were forced to take on extra work as poorly paid laborers on larger farms.
The fundamental issue of poverty was aggravated by social inequality as all peasants were liable to pay taxes from which the nobility could claim immunity, and feudal dues payable to a local lord. Similarly, the tithes a form of obligatory tax, at the time often paid in kind , which the peasants were obliged to pay to their local churches, were a cause of grievance as the majority of parish priests were poor and the contribution was being paid to an aristocratic and usually absentee abbot.
The Catholic Church maintained a rigid hierarchy as abbots and bishops were all members of the nobility and canons were all members of wealthy bourgeois families. As an institution, it was both rich and powerful. It paid no taxes and merely contributed a grant to the state every five years, the amount of which was self-determined.
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The upper echelons of the clergy also had considerable influence over government policy. Successive French kings and their ministers tried to suppress the power of the nobles but did so with very limited success.
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Skip to main content. Search for:. The Ancien Regime The estates of the realm were the broad orders of social hierarchy used in Christian Europe from the medieval period to early modern Europe. In , it numbered around , about 0.
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